From What We Wear to What We Eat: Upgrading in Global Value Chains

Dolan, Catherine and Tewari, Meenu (2001) From What We Wear to What We Eat: Upgrading in Global Value Chains. IDS Bulletin, 32 (3). pp. 94-104.

Abstract

In recent academic debates, upgrading has emerged as a key way for developing countries to meet the competitive challenges of globalisation and trade liberalisation. This article draws on global commodity chains literature to comparatively explore the conditions within which upgrading occurs in two sectors: export horticulture in Kenya and textile/apparel in Tamil Nadu, India. In both sectors upgrading into new products, functions or markets has generated increased employment and sustained incomes. However, firms in horticulture and textile/apparel are governed by a small number of global buyers with demanding requirements. Firms without the linkages to these buyers or the capabilities to meet their requirements can be locked out of international markets. The article concludes that insertion into global value chains creates varying outcomes for developing country firms, both providing and circumscribing opportunities for broad-based development.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: horticulture; Kenya; textiles; global value chain
Subject(s): Retail
Centre: Oxford Institute of Retail Management
Faculty of Marketing
Date Deposited: 26 Oct 2011 14:11
Last Modified: 23 Oct 2015 14:05
URI: http://eureka.sbs.ox.ac.uk/id/eprint/1027

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