Automatic Stabilizers, Economic Crisis and Income Distribution in Europe

Dolls, Mathias, Fuest, Clemens and Peichl, Andreas (2011) Automatic Stabilizers, Economic Crisis and Income Distribution in Europe. Research in Labor Economics, 32. pp. 227-255.

Abstract

This chapter investigates to what extent the tax and transfer systems in Europe protect households at different income levels against losses in current income caused by economic downturns like the present financial crisis. We use a multi-country microsimulation model to analyse how shocks on market income and employment are mitigated by taxes and transfers. We find that the aggregate redistributive effect of the tax and transfer systems increases in response to the shocks. But the extent to which households are protected differs across income levels and countries. In particular, there is little stabilization of disposable income for low-income groups in Eastern and Southern European countries.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: income tax
Subject(s): Taxation
Centre: Oxford University Centre for Business Taxation
Date Deposited: 28 May 2012 11:52
Last Modified: 23 Oct 2015 14:07
URI: http://eureka.sbs.ox.ac.uk/id/eprint/3421

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