Implementation of Evidence-Based Medicine: Evaluation of the Promoting Action on Clinical Effectiveness Programme

Dopson, Sue, Locock, Louise, Chambers, David and Gabbay, John (2001) Implementation of Evidence-Based Medicine: Evaluation of the Promoting Action on Clinical Effectiveness Programme. Journal of Health Services Research & Policy, 6 (1). pp. 23-31.

Abstract

Objectives: To evaluate the Promoting Action on Clinical Effectiveness (PACE) programme, which sought to implement clinically effective practice in 16 local sites.
Methods: 182 semi-structured interviews, usually by telephone, with project team members, clinicians, and senior managers and representatives from the Department of Health and the King's Fund.
Results: The most influential factors were strong evidence, supportive opinion leaders and integration within a committed organization; without these factors, projects had little chance of success. Other factors (context analysis, professional involvement and good project management) emerged as important, supporting processes; their presence might be an additional help, but on their own they would not be enough to initiate change. A serious problem with any of them could have a strong adverse impact.
Conclusions: Although there is no simple formula for the factors that ensure successful implementation of research-based improvements to clinical practice, certain principles do seem to help. Time and resource need to be devoted to a period of local negotiation and adaptation of good research evidence based on a careful understanding of the local context, in which opinion leader influence is an important component of a well managed and preferably well integrated process of change.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Organisational change
Subject(s): Organisational behaviour
Centre: Faculty of Organisational Behaviour
Date Deposited: 26 Aug 2010 15:15
Last Modified: 23 Oct 2015 14:05
URI: http://eureka.sbs.ox.ac.uk/id/eprint/416

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