Lok, Reinder B., Romero-Morales, Dolores and Vermeulen, Dries (2007) Note on the applicability of the VCG mechanism to capacitated assignment problems and extensions. Statistica Neerlandica, 61 (1). pp. 156-171.
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For the allocation of heterogeneous items, it is known that the buyers-are-substitutes condition is necessary and sufficient to ensure that a pricing equilibrium can yield the same allocation and payments as the VCG mechanism. Furthermore, concavity of the corresponding transferable utility TU-game guarantees that this VCG outcome can also be achieved by an ascending price auction. We show that concavity, and hence the buyers-are-substitutes condition, holds for the TU-game of the assignment problem with general capacities. Therefore, the VCG mechanism is supported by a pricing equilibrium which can also be achieved by an ascending auction. We also show that the buyers-are-substitutes condition, and hence concavity, does not hold anymore for very natural and straightforward extensions of this problem. This shows that the necessity of the substitutes property is a considerable restriction on the applicability of the VCG mechanism.
|Keywords:||equilibria;VCG outcome;buyers-are-substitutes condition;concavity|
|Centre:||Faculty of Management Science|
|Date Deposited:||27 Aug 2010 13:14|
|Last Modified:||23 Oct 2015 14:05|
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