Earnings Announcements and Systematic Risk

Wilson, Mungo and Savor, Pavel (2016) Earnings Announcements and Systematic Risk. The Journal of Finance, 71 (1). pp. 83-138.

Abstract

Firms enjoy high returns at times when they are scheduled to report earnings. A simple strategy that buys all announcers and short-sells all other stocks earns an annualized return of 9.9%, with a Sharpe ratio that is significantly higher than that of value and momentum strategies. Standard pricing models cannot explain this performance, with the strategy's abnormal return typically almost equal to its raw return. We propose a risk-based explanation for this phenomenon, in which investors use announcements to revise their earnings expectations for non-announcing firms, but can only do so imperfectly. Consequently, the covariance between firm-specific and market cash-flow news spikes around announcements, making announcers especially risky. Consistent with our hypothesis, we find that returns of earnings announcers robustly predict aggregate earnings growth. Furthermore, non-announcing firms respond to announcements in a manner consistent with our model, both across time and cross-sectionally. We also show that the announcement premium is extremely persistent across stocks, and that early (late) announcers earn higher (lower) returns. Finally, exposure to earnings announcement risk is priced in the cross-section.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Asset Pricing, Risk Premia, Earnings, Announcements, finance
Subject(s): Finance
Date Deposited: 20 Apr 2015 15:38
Last Modified: 04 Apr 2016 15:06
Funders: not applicable
URI: http://eureka.sbs.ox.ac.uk/id/eprint/5284

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