GWAS of 126,559 Individuals Identifies Genetic Variants Associated with Educational Attainment

De Neve, Jan-Emmanuel and (SSGAC), The Social Science Genetics Association Consortium (2013) GWAS of 126,559 Individuals Identifies Genetic Variants Associated with Educational Attainment. Science, 340 (6139). pp. 1467-1471.

Abstract

A genome-wide association study of educational attainment was conducted in a discovery sample of 101,069 individuals and a replication sample of 25,490. Three independent SNPs are genome-wide significant (rs9320913, rs11584700, rs4851266), and all three replicate. Estimated effects sizes are small (R2 ≈ 0.02%), approximately 1 month of schooling per allele. A linear polygenic score from all measured SNPs accounts for ≈ 2% of the variance in both educational attainment and cognitive function. Genes in the region of the loci have previously been associated with health, cognitive, and central nervous system phenotypes, and bioinformatics analyses suggest the involvement of the anterior caudate nucleus. These findings provide promising candidate SNPs for follow-up work, and our effect size estimates can anchor power analyses in social-science genetics.

Item Type: Article
Subject(s): Strategy; Entrepreneurship & Global business
Centre: Faculty of Strategy, Entrepreneurship and International Business
Date Deposited: 11 Aug 2015 10:35
Last Modified: 23 Oct 2015 14:08
Funders: N/A
URI: http://eureka.sbs.ox.ac.uk/id/eprint/5463

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