What Sets Breakthrough Strategies Apart

Felin, Teppo (2017) What Sets Breakthrough Strategies Apart. MIT Sloan Management Review. (Accepted)

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Abstract

Strategy advice has taken a rather negative tone of late. Consultants and scholars alike seem obsessed with eradicating bias and error in human judgment and decision-making. A virtual cottage industry has emerged to advise how to accomplish this, often pushing managers to replace flawed human judgment with Big Data analytics and various computational tools. Given this abysmal view of human judgment, it’s no wonder that some authors have suggested that algorithms and artificial intelligence (AI) should play a greater role in strategic decisions.

No doubt bias and error are important concerns in strategic decision-making. Yet it seems quite a stretch to suggest that the original strategies developed by people like Apple’s Steve Jobs, Starbucks’ Howard Schultz, or even Walmart’s Sam Walton had much to do with error-free calculations based on Big Data. Their strategies, like most breakthrough strategies, emerged in settings with remarkably little data to process and little basis for calculation — situations in which the paths to value creation were highly uncertain and evidence was sparse. We are highly skeptical that debiasing decision-making, eradicating errors, or ceding strategy to AI will improve strategizing, let alone lead to breakthrough strategies.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Strategy & innovation
Subject(s): Strategy
Date Deposited: 05 Dec 2017 13:36
Last Modified: 05 Dec 2017 13:36
Funders: N/A
URI: http://eureka.sbs.ox.ac.uk/id/eprint/6697

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