Beyond the Workplace: "Upstream" Business Practices and Labor Standards in the Global Electronics Industry

Locke, Richard M. and Samel, Hiram M. (2018) Beyond the Workplace: "Upstream" Business Practices and Labor Standards in the Global Electronics Industry. Studies in Comparative International Development, 53 (1). pp. 1-24.

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Despite decades of debate and efforts to improve global labor standards, multiple problems still persist. Whether arguing for a more active role for the state, persuading firms to adopt codes of conduct, improving monitoring and sanctioning processes or seeking a higher degree of commitment between supply chain actors, scholars still lack an adequate explanation for why labor problems do not show improvement. Existing theories, while they will help, are not sufficient to solve this issue because they are focused on the production side of markets—the result both of an intellectual and policy bias towards production and the tendency to look for solutions where problems occur. Using a case study of Hewlett-Packard’s (HP) supply chain,
qualitative and quantitative data from field visits to plants in South East Asia and a unique dataset of HP’s code of conduct audits, we demonstrate that even under the most-likely conditions that favor previous theories of labor standards, code of conduct violations, in particular excess
working hours, exhibit widespread persistence. Having explained this, we demonstrate that this persistence is the product of a set of policies and practices designed and implemented upstream by global buyers and their lead suppliers.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: international business, labor standards, global supply chains, electronics industry
Subject(s): International business
Date Deposited: 05 Mar 2018 16:40
Last Modified: 05 Mar 2018 16:40
Funders: N/A

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